The areas of the Pulitz peninsula have a high ornithological value as a breeding area for birds of prey such as goshawk, marsh harrier and white-tailed eagle and are accessible on designated hiking trails from mid-July to mid-January.
The nature reserve is embedded in the Little Jasmund Bodden about five kilometers northeast of Bergen and is divided into the Pulitz peninsula and the Altrügen peninsula to the west and surrounding shallow water areas of the shallow Stedar Bay. Surrounding villages are Buschvitz and Stedar. The area was declared a bird sanctuary on June 28, 1937. The size of the nature reserve was changed in 1950 (reduction) and in 1964 and 1972 (enlargement). The current purpose of protection is the preservation of an old-growth forest area with natural forest character in places as well as the protection of the riparian areas. The condition of the area is classified as very good due to its secluded location and undisturbed nature. The area can be reached via a dirt road from Stedar and is accessible on hiking trails. However, access is only permitted from July 16 to January 14 of the following year.