The name Maria Meeresstern, in keeping with the location of the church, takes up the ancient title of Mary, Stella Maris.
Already since summer 1906 Catholic services were held in the Baltic resort Sellin. Besides several "spiritual gentlemen", mainly Catholics from Southern Germany were among the solvent bathing guests whom one did not want to lose. Only under Maximilian Kaller - pastor of Bergen - the church designed by the Cologne government architect Krings could be benedecated on July 16, 1912. It was built in picturesque surroundings near the cliff as a basilica in the style of historicism with neo-Gothic and neo-Romanesque influences. In 1949 the church was assigned to the curacy of Binz. Since Whit Monday 1951 every year at Pentecost many hundreds of expellees gathered for a pilgrimage in Sellin. In 1952 the bishop donated an altar to Our Lady. In the chancel there is a relief from the original high altar depicting the story of the rich catch of fish (Lk 5:5). After extensive renovation work on the Sellin chapel under the direction of the architect Gustav Nutz, which was completed in September 1995, the old pilgrimage tradition was revived. Since Pentecost 2005, the chapel has been resounding with an organ from the Sauer company, manufactured in 1981 as Opus 2123.